Advanced Statistics  Biology 6030 
Bowling Green State University, Fall 2019 
X Variable(s): ordinal, nominal
Y Variable(s): continuous
1 X  2 X  n X  

1 Y 



2 Y 



n Y 



Sample statistic: Fstatistic
Mathematical Entity used to calculate Sample statistic: Variance/Covariance Matrix
Asumptions: Homogeneity of variance, homogeneity of variance/covariance matrix; to a lesser degree  Normality
Use: Transformations
Notes: for nonparametric versions recode data as ranks