Black Swamp Wildflowers dedicated to the restoration and preservation of the natural heritage of Northwest Ohio

Environmental Education

The Black Swamp Conservation and Restoration Area is among the last remaining habitats with characteristics of the former Great Black Swamp. We deem preservation as the highest and best use of the land and with it we aim to inspire and inform people about the importance of our remaining natural areas. Partnerships with Eastwood Schools (K-12) and Bowling Green State University allow us to offer hands-on, field-based, educational components for inclusion into environmental science curricula.

A Painted Lady (Vanessa cardui) lends a dash of color to Shepherd's purse (Capsella bursa-pastoris)

Partners/Sponsors


AllAboutPatches
www.AllAboutPatches.com
Releasing ring-necked pheasants into the prairie was a great source of excitement for all participants.
A program to train Black Swamp Junior Rangers has been initiated. Participants learn to recognize many prairie and forest plants, birds, and other inhabitants, identify and eradicate invasives, understand basic ecological relationships, and show respect towards plants and animals that make up the natural habitats of NW Ohio.

Junior Ranger at work.
Cub Scout Pack 485 of St. Aloysius Church, Bowling Green, OH set up several nesting boxes for song birds

A small demonstration orchard has been planted in the spring of 2007 containing a comination of heirloom and modern cultivars of fruit trees. This project provides a side by side comparison with respect to taste, productivity, and resistance to pathogens. The first phase included the following plantings with material from Cummins Nursery.

Scion
Cultivar
Rootstock
Grade
Quantity
Description
Apples
Williams Pride
modern
g30
7/16
1
Fruit: 67 to 76 mm. or more (2-1/2 to 3+ in.); variable size; round to conic, variable shape; lime green to pale yellow ground color, washed and faintly striped, bright, 70 to 99% medium to dark red or purple-red, conspicuous, slightly sunken lenticels; medium to coarse grained, cream colored, firm, very crisp and breaking flesh; moderately to mildly sub-acid, slightly spicy, full rich flavor, juicy; excellent summer dessert quality. Moderate to large fruit size. Fall quality in the middle of the summer. Annual cropping, with slight biennial tendencies. Retains quality and crisp flesh texture for 6 weeks or more in refrigerated storage. Ripens even to eight weeks before 'Delicious'; Tree: Vigorous, spreading, 90" crotch angles, very spurry wood. Similar in growth habit to 'Empire', but not quite as spurry. Moderately large tree size; Disease Resistance: Field immune to apple scab; field immune to cedar-apple rust; high level of resistance to fire blight; good level of resistance to powdery mildew.
Claygate Pearmain
heirloom
m7
9/16
1
Fruit: Medium to large oblong-conic fruit with a few red stripes and russet dots or netting. Strong nutty taste, rich and aromatic. Firm flesh with typical dense russet texture. Grown in Edwardian & Victorian country gardens and one of Edward Bunyard's indispensable dozen. Fruit Storage: Good (*2)
Edward VII
heirloom
m7
9/16
1
Ellison's Orange
heirloom
m7
7/16
1
Fruit: intensely aromatic Cox-like variety. Use: Dessert; Season of Use: Sep-Oct; Colour: Flushed; Flavour: Aromatic; Origin: Lincolnshire UK 1904; Pollination Group: D; Self-fertility: Partially Self Fertile
Enterprise
modern
m7
feathered
1
Introduced from the PRI breeding program.  Tested as CO-OP 30.  Fruit is medium to large.  Skin is a glossy, very bright red on deep yellow ground.  Flesh is cream, medium-fine texture, crisp.  Tree is medium to vigorous, spreading, annual cropping.  Late bloom.  Harvest is two weeks after Delicious.  High quality storage apple.  After 6 months in common storage, it still retains an excellent texture with a full, slightly spicy flavor.  Worthy of commercial planting.
Freedom
modern
m7
7/16
1
Large juicy fruits are 50-80% red striped over yellow.  The trees are vigorous, spreading and very productive.  Blooms early midseason with Jonamac.  Ripens with Delicious.  Average storage life is 3 months.  Very good cooking apple because of its tart flavor.
Goldrush
modern
m7
9/16
1
A Golden Delicious hybrid from the PRI breeding program. A high quality, yellow winter apple. It has a pleasant tart flavor at harvest that develops into a very rich, well-balanced flavor after a few weeks in storage. Outstanding storage life. It is a moderately vigorous semi-spur tree.
Hardy Cumberland
heirloom
m7
9/16
1
Developed in the Southern Midwest.  Vigorous, productive.
William's Pride
modern
g30
7/16
1
Field immune to apple scab; field immune to cedar-apple rust; high level of resistance to fire blight; good level of resistance to powdery mildew.
Pears
Potomac
modern
betulifolia
feathered
2
This pear was released by USDA in 1993; from the Moonglow X Anjou cross.  The highest quality fireblight resistant variety available.  The skin is light green and glossy and the flesh is moderately fine with a flavor similar to Anjou.  Ripens two weeks after Bartlett; keeps 8-10 weeks in refrigerated storage.
Bartlett
heirloom
betulifolia
feathered
1
This is the best known pear in the world, most often under synonyms 'Williams' and 'Williams Bon Chreitien'.    Discovered about 1770 in England.  The fruit has a very good, distinctive flavor and a smooth, juicy texture - excellent for canning or for marketing fresh.  Its skin is yellow and the fruit is medium to large, pyriform in shape.  It is susceptible to fireblight and is self-unfruitful.
Seckel
modern
betulifolia
feathered
2
A tiny, gourmet pear, typically only about 1.5 inches in diameter.  Very sweet -- a "sugar pear".  Aromatic.  Fruit is lightly russetted, red blush.  Grower-friendly, semi-dwarf tree.  Resistant to fireblight.
Plums
Vision
modern
myro
feathered
1
Vision is a very large dark blue prune with outstanding flavor. The fruit is crack resistant and great for fresh eating of drying. It is freestone. It blooms late and is the last to ripen, in late September. It comes from Vineland Station in Ontario and needs a pollinizer like Stanley, not Italian Prune.
Stanley
heirloom
myro
feathered
1
The standard plum in the East for the last 50 years. The Stanley Plum produces a medium to large, oval shaped fruit with dark blue skin. Flesh is yellow green and fine grained. Freestone. Fruit is of good quality, sweet, juicy and delicious. Excellent for fresh eating and cooking. Late season blooming. Ripens in late summer, approximately mid-September, before the Italian. Self fertile. Good pollenizer for other varieties. Very hardy and reliable. Heavy cropping.

Links of Interest


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Projects [ Prairie Restoration | Savannah Restoration | Wetland Forest | Education ]
Natural History [ Plants | Fungi | Animals ]

Pages created and maintained by Robert Huber and Moira van Staaden. Contact us at if you are interested to utilize the site for educational, research, or public outreach projects. Comments, suggestions and critiques welcome blackswamp.oh@gmail.com or (419) 833-1241